Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy (DPN) is a type of nerve damage caused by diabetes which causes numbness, loss of sensation, and sometimes pain in various parts of the body, particularly noticed in the hands, legs, and feet. It is the most common complication of diabetes.
From ancient Egyptian times down through the centuries, footwear has been designed to meet mankind’s real and perceived needs—protection, support, comfort, sturdiness, and stylishness.
An ankle sprain is an injury to one or more ligaments in the ankle, usually on the outside of the ankle. Ligaments are bands of tissue, like rubber bands, that connect one bone to another and bind the joints together. In your ankle, ligaments provide stability by limiting side-to-side movement.
Warts are one of several soft tissue conditions of the foot that can be quite painful. They are caused by a virus which generally invades the skin through small or invisible cuts and abrasions. They can appear anywhere on the skin; plantar warts are specifically warts that develop on the sole of the foot.
Dry skin is a condition that usually appears on the soles and heels of the foot, and which can lead to hardened skin and cracks. Dry skin is not a dangerous condition, generally, but it can become uncomfortable or painful. If the cracking starts to bleed, it can lead to infection, which is particularly concerning to those with a chronic disease like diabetes or a vulnerable immune system due to illness or age.
Diabetes can often lead to numbness and loss of sensation in the extremities (diabetic peripheral neuropathy), which can cause injuries and other health complications that affect the feet to go unnoticed. When an unnoticed affliction is combined with poor blood circulation and possible infection, it can lead to diabetic foot ulcers and other wounds that cannot heal on their own.
With 26 bones, 33 joints, 107 ligaments, and 19 muscles in the foot and ankle, all of which are put through considerable pressure and strain throughout our lives, it should be no surprise that foot trauma and ankle injuries are very common.
Blisters are small, swollen pockets of bodily fluid in the upper layers of the skin. They can be caused by repeated friction, burning, freezing, chemical exposure, injury, or infection. Most blisters on the feet are friction blisters.
“Shin Splints” is a common term for pain along the inner edge of the tibia (your shinbone). Shin splints are caused when repetitive activity overworks the muscles and bone tissue of the leg. They are a common problem that can arise during or after exercise; they’re particularly common for runners, though any vigorous exercise or sport can cause them to develop.
Many people suffer from leg cramps. You might be surprised to learn that leg pain develops from several different causes. Whether the pain comes from walking, when seated for a long period or when lying in bed can make a difference in the underlying cause. You might feel the sensation in only one leg or both. Pain may be felt in the calves, thighs or buttocks with associated aching or heaviness.
Flatfoot (formally known as pes planus) is a very common disorder that may lead to pain in the foot and ankle. It describes a foot which has a low or “flattened” arch. There are varying degrees and various types of flat feet.
When it comes to general foot health, many common ailments can be treated with over-the-counter medication. If any of the below conditions do not respond to over-the-counter therapies, then schedule an appointment with us to ensure the problem gets resolved.
Rearfoot and ankle pain is a common problem. There are several problems that may lead to pain in the rearfoot, including biomechanical causes (flatfoot, high arch feet, impingement, etc), arthritis, tendinitis, neuritis (tarsal tunnel syndrome), injuries (fractures and sprains), and multiple other problems.
Midfoot pain is typically described as achy or sharp, sometimes causing a shooting pain to the toes. Walking or activity usually causes or increases the pain. It typically gets worse throughout the day. Swelling is occasionally seen in the area of the pain.